In some cases, the options for pain free pediatric dentistry are required to help a child relax in a dental chair, and other times, they are necessary for the procedure. In either case, pain-free pediatric dentistry can make a dental operation more tolerable for children. This is an excellent technique for children with special needs…
A Pediatric Dentist Talks About Risks for Future Cavities in Kids
Regular dental care from a pediatric dentist is necessary so the dental professional can perform preventative treatment, cavity risk assessment, and oral examination. Dental decay can affect any child, and numerous factors might contribute to the occurrence of tooth decay. Unfortunately, tooth decay is one of the most prevalent pediatric illnesses, according to the CDC. This article covers the causes and risks of tooth decay and preventative steps that you may take.
The causes of cavities
Mutans streptococcus is a genus of bacteria that plays a vital part in the development of tooth decay. These bacteria eat sugar and make acid, which dissolves minerals in the enamel, the outermost covering of the tooth. The inner layer of the tooth, referred to as the dentin, will be damaged as decay progresses. Caries can damage the nerve and blood vessels of the tooth if it develops too far.
When it comes to tooth decay, the formation of white/chalky patches on the teeth is the first indicator that minerals are being lost, a process known as “demineralization.” As these regions deteriorate, a cavity may develop. These same bacteria are also responsible for dental plaque, a soft, sticky, yellowish film that forms on teeth and, if not removed regularly, can cause oral health issues, such as tooth decay and gum disease.
Minimizing the risk of cavities
Parents can take certain steps to help their children avoid or minimize future occurrences or the progression of dental cavities. Brushing in the morning and before sleeping eliminates plaque, which can function as a reservoir for germs and sugar. Flossing accomplishes the same goal and cleans hard-to-reach regions of the mouth. Parents need to begin dental cleanings when their child’s teeth first erupt.
Fluoride toothpaste and treatment help replace minerals that have been lost as a result of acid-producing bacteria. Fluoride on the teeth can help reduce the amount of acid produced. It also helps fortify the teeth against future cavities.
Parents also need to ensure that their children consume sugary or starchy meals less frequently. Bacteria can accumulate as people consume sugary and starchy foods during the day and in between meals. Note that the bacteria multiply, consume the sugar, and excrete acid as waste, which causes mineral loss on teeth surfaces, resulting in dental cavities.
Children should have a dental cleaning and examination every six months. Early preventative actions are critical in preventing the formation of decay. If decay is already evident, it is better to catch it early before it worsens and necessitates more comprehensive treatment. Since some children develop cavities much earlier than others, it is critical to schedule the child’s first dental visit before their first birthday. During this appointment, we can discuss prevention techniques, dietary suggestions, and other recommendations to ensure that they have protective measures in place to help prevent tooth decay.
The pediatric dentist may prescribe sealants for the chewing surfaces of the molars based on the child’s age and cavity susceptibility. A dental sealant is a plastic-like substance that covers the tooth and binds to it. It is applied to the chewing surfaces of molars, resulting in a smoother surface that is easier to clean with a toothbrush.
It is advisable to consult the pediatric dentist to ensure that your child has the necessary preventative measures to decrease the risk of dental caries developing in their teeth. Contact the dental office to book an appointment.
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